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"A section using 'configSource' may contain no other attributes or elements" error after installing Application Insights

After installing the Application Insights nuget package to an Umbraco solution, you'll get this error:

A section using 'configSource' may contain no other attributes or elements

<ExamineLuceneIndexSets configSource="config\ExamineIndex.config" />
     <log4net configSource="config\log4net.config">
         <root>
             <level value="ALL" />
             <appender-ref ref="aiAppender" />
Source File: \project\web.config

This happens because part of the Application Insights installation process adds a <log4net> section to web.config.  Which would make sense, except Umbraco already has a <log4net> section in /config/log4net.config.  So as you can imagine, the solution is to manually move everything its added into that file. Unfortunately you can't just copy/paste the whole lot, but it's not particularly complicated:


  1. Move <appender-ref ref="aiAppender" /> into the log4net.config file's <root> node
  2. Move the <appender name="aiAppender" ...> section underneath the existing appenders in log4net.config
  3. Back in web.config, change the <log4net> section back to what it was before.


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